Blogging Asia: A Windows Live Report become performed online at the MSN portal throughout 7 international locations in Asia specifically Hong Kong, India, Korea, Malaysia, Singapore, Taiwan and Thailand. Interestingly, the report located that fifty six% of Malaysians blogged to explicit their perspectives, whilst forty nine% blogged to hold buddies and own family up to date.
This article specializes in Malaysian regulation but as the Internet transcends obstacles and jurisdictions therefore the laws of many nations can also practice. In Malaysia, bloggers face prison risks that bring civil or crook liabilities which include;
Unfortunately, a good deal of the copyright infringement going on on the Internet is going undetected. New blogs at times use existing blogs for its content material and this is completed thru copying or linking. Apart from that, posting copyrighted photographs, designs, product photos or product packaging from every other internet site is likewise unlawful.
There are “rules of thumb” to follow when creating or posting contents together with:- (a) create one’s very own unique picture, image, code and phrases; (b) use certified works inside the scope of authorised use laid down by using the proprietor; and (c) use loose snapshots off the Internet as long as the terms of the author of the image are followed.
The identical “policies of thumb” apply while posting programming scripts as it is typically a violation of copyright regulation to appropriate programming scripts from 0.33 parties. With regards to postings on one’s blog by means of third parties, the blog proprietor may also get hold of an implied license to the postings made by means of 0.33 events. When supplying podcast i.E. Recorded and downloadable audio report to be downloaded from blogs its miles excellent that the podcast does no longer contain any copyrighted music belonging to others as a result defensive oneself from any copyright infringement fits.
If copyright protects the manner thoughts or facts are expressed, trademark alternatively protects phrases, designs, phrases, numbers, drawings or photos associated with products and services.
A trademark proprietor enjoys distinct right to use his mark on the subject of his services and products refer Section 35 (1) of the Trademark Act, 1976. Trademark safety grants right to the trademark owner to save you others from the use of an equal trademark with equal items or comparable items this is probably to reason confusion to the public refer Section 19 (1) and 19 (2) of the Trademark Act, 1976.
How does a blogger infringe trademark belonging to another? One example is while a blogger post hyperlinks on emblems belonging to a trademark proprietor. When a vacationer clicks at the trademark it’s going to immediately lead the tourist to the blogger’s blog in place of directing the traveler to the trademark proprietor’s internet site.
Such linking may additionally motive confusion or deception as it increases severe hazard that the weblog is in some way related to or related to the trademark owners products and offerings.
Generally, the term defamation refers to a false statement made approximately a person or a business enterprise this is unfavorable to their reputation. The man or woman publishing the declaration need to have recognized our need to have known that the assertion turned into false. While the Internet presents the arena in which defaming declaration may be made or published, there’s no unique legislation that offers defamation on the Internet in Malaysia.
In Malaysia, the Defamation Act, 1957 applies to courses in printed substances and broadcasting via radio or television. Since the law applies to posted or broadcast substances, therefore in precept it applies to materials along with blogs and websites published on the Internet.
As defamation law is complicated there may be a need to differentiate whether a defamatory declaration is a libel (written form) or slander (spoken phrases). In a case of libel, if it is determined that the declaration is defamatory then there are presumptions against the author or the publisher. In the case slander, there is regularly the requirement to prove actual damages or special damages suffered due to the defamatory statement. Hence, slander law does not apply to blogs as it does not fall within the ambit of broadcasting the slanderous words by using radio or television.
Due to speedy modifications to the Internet and the convergence of technologies, one will surprise whether the courts will practice the libel law or slander regulation when blogs transformed from textual content to speech layout are transmitted on the Internet. However, all this depends on proving defamation and locating the identity of the blogger which may be a vast mission due to the anonymity of the Internet and its international scope.
Another criminal risk is whilst blogs are used to disseminate fake, incomplete or misleading data regarding racial disturbances or contents that cause hatred or contempt towards the government or the ruler. In Malaysia, various offenses are supplied for inside the Sedition Act 1948 along with its miles an offense for any character to print, post or distribute any seditious booklet- see Section four of the Sedition Act, 1948 for different offenses. Whether the provisions of the Act observe to publications on the Internet have not been judicially determined.
In Singapore, the sedition regulation becomes applied in 2005 in which the Singapore court docket jailed two customers for posting seditious comments at the Internet- Two jailed for ‘sedition’ on the internet, South China Morning Post, Saturday, October 8, 2005. The South China Morning Post suggested that the case is taken into consideration a landmark case underscoring the government’s attempts to adjust online expression and crack down on racial intolerance. The instances represented the primary time Singaporeans had been prosecuted and convicted for racist expression under its Sedition Act.
Arising from the case of the racist bloggers, on eight November 2006 the Singapore Government proposed adjustments to its Penal Code deliberating the effect of technology which includes the Internet and mobile phones- discuss with Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs, Consultation Paper at the Proposed Penal Code Amendments at web page 2. The amendments cover offences devoted via digital medium which includes Section 298 (uttering words, etc with planned purpose to wound the religious feelings of any man or woman) to cover the wounding of racial emotions as properly, Section 499 (defamation) and Section 505 (statements conducing to public mischief) to amplify and include those “posted in written, electronic or other media” see Singapore Penal Code (Amendment) Bill at pages 8 and 20. These amendments while exceeded empower the police and country prosecutors to prosecute those with offending blogs- Cf.Sections 298, 499 and 505 of the Malaysian Penal Code (Revised 1997).
There are motives why the government are taking blogging severely as 1/2 of the people that took element in the Blogging Asia: A Windows Live Report survey agree with that weblog contents are as honest as conventional media and 1 / 4 of the respondents believe blogs to be the quickest manner to learn about news and present-day affairs.
With such reliance on blogs, contents containing false, incomplete or deceptive information posted on blogs not only may additionally motive panic, anger, contempt or political scandals; it is able to additionally motive political and economic instability.
The Internet presents demanding situations to existing legal guidelines which might be sluggish to offer ok safety to a celebration with recognizing to the use and content of blogs. Currently, codes of exercise for Internet users inclusive of bloggers have no longer been proposed as a part of the Internet regulatory regime currently operating in Malaysia.
For the one’s bloggers who are not self-privy to the prison dangers, efforts have to be made to educate and lift awareness to the ones bloggers. Perhaps the social responsibility lies at the Internet provider companies and website service vendors to create a blogger’s code of ethics to teach its bloggers to be ethical toward their readers, the humans they write approximately and the criminal ramifications in their actions.