What is the Internet?
The Internet, additionally called “the internet,” is a worldwide system of computer networks in which users at anyone PC can get facts from every other computer. The authentic intention was to create a community that might allow customers of a laptop at one university as a way to communicate with computers at other universities. A facet benefit of this design become that, due to the fact facts is despatched alongside one-of-a-kind routes that always alternate, the Internet ought to preserve to characteristic even supposing parts of it had been destroyed in the event of a navy assault or different catastrophe. Luckily, we’ve never had to check if it works.
Today, the Internet is self-sustaining and is utilized by masses of thousands and thousands of humans global. The most extensively used part of the Internet is known as the World Wide Web (“the Web”). On the web, you have got admission to billions of pages of statistics. Web browsing is carried out with a software program application called an internet browser (catchy name!). Currently, the maximum popular web browsers are Microsoft Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Google Chrome. By the manner, all of those browsers are actually unfastened. Depending on your connection velocity, browsers can guide such superior functions as animation, video, sound, and music.
How Do I Connect to the Internet?
The quality type of connection to the Internet is a broadband connection. It gives the highest transmission pace which is critical in case you want the high-quality Internet to enjoy. Cable and DSL provider both provide broadband speeds. Cable gives speed two times that of DSL but DSL is extra cozy.
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Broadband carrier presents high-speed information transmission. It also permits more content to be carried thru the transmission pathway. Broadband presents get admission to the very best Internet services: streaming media, Internet telephony, gaming, and interactive offerings. Many of these offerings require the transfer of big amounts of information that might not be technically feasible with smartphone dial-up service. Today, broadband service is essential to get admission to the entire variety of services and possibilities that the Internet can provide. Broadband service is always on. It does not block cell phone strains and there’s no need to disconnect from the Internet network while now not in use.
Wireless broadband, also referred to as “Wi-Fi”, is the capability to hook up to the Internet without the use of wires or cables. The most common manner of gaining access to wi-fi broadband is thru a wireless router attached to an ISP’s (Internet Service Provider) modem.
1. Using a cable modem
A cable modem is a tool that connects your computer to the Internet via a neighborhood cable TV line so that you can send and get hold of information at excessive speeds additionally known as broadband speeds. Cable modems are commonly included as a part of the cable get entry to the carrier.
A. Sign up with an Internet Service Provider (ISP), usually your nearby cable TV organization. The cable business enterprise will dispatch a field technician to come to your private home to put in a cable modem.
B. The technician will join a cable from a cable TV jack to the cable modem.
C. Then the technician will connect an “Ethernet” cable from the cable modem to the “Ethernet” port to your laptop. “Ethernet” is the maximum popular type of nearby area network (LAN) era.
D. Power on the cable modem and PC.
E. A cable connection is much less cozy than other broadband connections, which include DSL, due to the fact you are sharing your cable reference to others to your network. In addition, the cable connection is always on. The Windows Firewall will help prevent intruders from gaining access to your laptop.
F. Open your Internet browser to start surfing the Internet.
2. Using a DSL modem
A Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) makes use of technology that gives virtual records transmission over the wires of a local phone community. DSL does not intervene with using your fashionable phone carrier. Once you log on for your DSL carrier, it’ll stay on till you close up down or restart your PC.
A. Subscribe to an excessive-speed, or broadband, DSL provider. A technician will join a modem to your cell phone line. This connection is what permits the DSL signal to be obtained by means of the modem, and transmitted to your computer.
B. The different stop of the cable can be linked to your PC.
C. Power on the DSL modem and computer.
D. Open your Internet browser to start browsing the Internet.
Three. Using a Router (hardware firewall)
A hardware firewall is a device that is linked to the Internet and your cable or DSL modem, defensive your PC from dangerous intruders. In different words, your laptop is connected to the router (hardware firewall) in place of your cable or DSL modem.
The high-quality protection available from Internet assaults is a hardware firewall. They are less expensive so I strongly recommend installing one. Broadband routers serve as effective hardware firewalls. They need to be taken into consideration an important part of your gadget and community set-up, especially for all of us on a broadband connection.
A router is a device that provides access to the Internet for multiple computers, printers, and other devices. It normally includes four or greater Ethernet ports for wired connections to laptop and PC computer systems. They can also be configured to transmit signals for wi-fi (“Wi-Fi”) devices.
A router acts as a firewall via protecting the actual internet cope with of your PC from the out of doors world. Only the one’s internet pages which you in particular request are allowed to bypass through the router for your laptop. Data which you did now not request is blocked which allows maintaining your system secure from intruders. Think of it as your front door with that little peephole. Somebody knocks and you glance through the peephole to look who it’s far. If it is your friend who you invited over, you open the door and let him in (“Wassup dude!”). If it is a person who is arriving uninvited, they become away. (I marvel if a router could block my mother-in-law).
Four. Standard smartphone line modem
Not recommended at all. The slowest of all Internet connections. It will no longer supply the entire capability of what the Internet has to offer.
What’s a Link?
On all web sites, sure phrases or phrases appear in the textual content of a special shade than the relaxation and every now and then also underlined. When you factor to this type of words or phrases by means of clicking the left button of your mouse, you may be transferred to the page this is associated with this phrase or word. These are known as links or hyperlinks. Sometimes there are buttons, pictures, or quantities of pics that may be “clicked”. If you move the pointer over a niche on a web site and the pointer changes right into a hand, this suggests that you can click on it and be transferred to some other site.
What’s a Web Browser?
Microsoft Internet Explorer
Internet Explorer is the maximum broadly used web browser. That isn’t as it’s the first-rate (which it is not). It’s as it comes already established with every version of Windows and most people do not trouble to trade it. Internet Explorer version 7.0 suffered greater malware attacks than every other browser. Internet Explorer makes use of a technology known as ActiveX Controls which continues to make it extraordinarily liable to assaults.
An ActiveX manipulate is an internet-based program the use of positive Microsoft technologies. They are debatable because they are downloaded routinely and completed by the web browser.
This is the essential purpose that Mozilla Firefox and Google Chrome, which do no longer assist ActiveX controls, are more comfortable browsers. In addition, Internet Explorer has page rendering troubles that reasons a few net pages to display incorrectly. Performance is faster inside the maximum latest model (nine.Zero) than past variations, however, is still slower than the alternative browsers.
Keep Internet Explorer mounted in your laptop (sure Microsoft services, like Windows Update, require Internet Explorer to function correctly) however use Firefox or Chrome.
Firefox keeps you greater comfy when you’re browsing the web, defensive against adware, worms, and viruses. As mentioned in advance, it does no longer guide ActiveX controls due to the fact ActiveX controls are vulnerable to viruses and spyware. Firefox can provide simpler navigation, together with individuals who are visually or motor-impaired. Firefox is the first browser to meet U.S. Federal government requirements that software program is without problems on hand to customers with bodily impairments.
You can pick out new controls in your toolbars and exchange the look of your browser with themes. There are also masses of free extensions you can deploy to add functions including ad blocking off, prolonged tab controls, pop-up blockers, textual content resizers, and password managers. Firefox is my favorite internet browser.
The Google Chrome internet browser is the 1/3 most popular browser used these days proper at the back of Internet Explorer (#1) and Firefox (#2).
A. Chrome is designed to be rapid. It’s short to begin up, hundreds net pages fast, and runs web applications fast.
B. Chrome’s browser window is streamlined, smooth, and simple.
C. Chrome also consists of features that are designed for ease of use. For example, you may seek and navigate from the identical field, and arrange tabs but you desire.
D. Chrome is designed to keep you relaxed on the net with built-in malware safety, and automatic updates to make certain the browser is cutting-edge with the brand new safety updates and greater.
E. Chrome has many beneficial functions built in, consisting of translation in the browser, extensions, topics, and more.
Chrome is an extremely good web browser. I exceedingly propose it.
Bookmarks and Favorites
Internet Explorer calls them “favorites” (just to be one-of-a-kind from each person else). Favorites are hyperlinks on your favorite websites which you want to keep for future use. Creating a favorite in Internet Explorer may be carried out numerous in one-of-a-kind ways.
1. Right-click on a blank part of the page and click “Add to Favorites”.
2. Browse to the internet site you want to add to your Favorites. At the top of the browser window click on “Favorites”. Click “Add to Favorites”.
When such a steps have been completed an “Add Favorite” window will appear and then you may upload your favorite for your favorites listing. You can even create exceptional folders (relatively endorsed) for your Favorites.
Firefox and Chrome
Creating bookmarks in Firefox and Chrome are similar and can also be accomplished in several distinctive methods.
1. In the cope with bar, there’s a celeb at the proper aspect. If you click on it, you could bookmark the page.
2. Right-click on a blank portion of the page you want to bookmark and click “Bookmark This Page” or press Ctrl + D. This only applies to Firefox.
3. Browse to the website you want to bookmark. At the pinnacle of the browser window click “Bookmarks”. Click “Bookmark This Page”. This best applies to Firefox.
When these steps had been finished an “Add Bookmark” window will appear. Specify the region where you need to shop the bookmark. To create a new folder, click the “New Folder” button. I use lots of folders inclusive of Shopping, Music, Movies, Computers, Finance, Health, Food, Travel, and many others. On my browser. I actually have over 3,000 bookmarks and I can find anyone of them quickly and without difficulty (I recognize – I have to get an existence!).
What’s a Search Engine?
A search engine is a computer program that searches documents, specifically on the World Wide Web, for a distinctive phrase or phrases and presents links to these documents to in which they can be observed.
There are literally loads of engines like google at the net. However, there may be most effective one that I use and that you’ll ever need….Google. Most different serps perform in a comparable way, however, aren’t as sophisticated or efficient as Google. Google is a crawler-primarily based search engine, which means that it has software program designed to “move slowly” the statistics at the Internet and upload it to its database. Google has the satisfactory recognition for relevant and thorough seek consequences. Google’s home page is smooth and simple. There is more than one option on Google’s domestic page.
Search topics consist of:
Web – The default search engine.
Images – Searches for pics, pictures, photographs, or drawings.
Video – Searches for video files on the Internet.
News – Searches for records accrued from thousands of information sources international.
Maps – An interactive map device featuring driving instructions.
Shopping – Searches for merchandise for sale online.
More – Additional search equipment which includes:
Books – If you’re looking for textual content from a specific book, kind within the call of the book (in charges), or in case you’re seeking out books approximately a specific situation, type in “books about xxx”. Google will go back effects that may include content material inside the e book itself or will provide links to Book Results on the top of the search page.
Discussions – Searches for statistics, evaluations, and guidelines from person agencies.
Blogs, Recipes, Patents, Flights and more.
“I’m Feeling Lucky” – This button takes you immediately to the primary search result again for any query. For instance, if I kind of peanut butter I go instantly to the Wikipedia entry for peanut butter. It’s basically a shortcut so that you can skip the hunt engine consequences page.
There’s even a Google Accessible Web Search for the Visually Impaired.
How to Google Search
Go to http://www.Google.Com. Enter a phrase, a couple of phrases or a word and hit “enter”. Google will come up with outcomes that comprise the phrases in the seek bar. Google does not care approximately capitalization and could even endorse accurate spellings of phrases or phrases. Google excludes commonplace words consisting of “the” and “is”, and considering that Google returns results that consist of all of the words you enter, there is no need to encompass the word “and”, as in “milk and cookies”. You can just input “milk cookies” (without the citation marks).
If you need to look for web sites that incorporate “milk” or “cookies” you can use “OR” as in “milk or cookies”. If you are attempting to find the exact word you will input “milk and cookies” including the citation marks.
Try to be as particular as possible – in place of “automobiles”, attempt “Chevrolet Impala”. If you’re searching for a specific phrase, type in “deliver me liberty or supply me demise” with the citation marks as an instance. Google will search for the entire world just the way it appears in between the charges.
You can also exclude unwanted effects. If you need to slender down your searches, place “NOT” in front of phrases you need to keep away from. For example, if you’re trying to find records approximately The Three Stooges, however, do not want any articles about Shemp, you will look for “three stooges NOT sheep” (yuck-yuck!).
Other Google Tools
Google Calculator – Use Google’s calculator via just typing in anything calculation you want within the search bar. For example a “gallon in pints” or 112.3 + fifty-five.6.
Google Definitions – There are ways to get definitions from Google. If you type “outline: asteroid” (with the colon), you may get a web page full of definitions. If you type “define asteroid” (without the colon), you may get a list of internet websites that incorporate definitions of the phrase.
Google Catalogs – Search on line catalogs.
Google Finance – Business info, information, and interactive charts.
Other seek shortcuts:
Phone wide variety:(enter call and region) – “phonebook: John Smith NJ”
Movie:(search for showtimes – enter title and zip code) – “film:matrix 08902”
Stocks:(get a stock quote) – “shares:IBM”
Weather:(get nearby climate – input zip code) – “climate:08902”
What is Webmail?
Webmail is a term for net-based electronic mail bills. These are usually loose e-mail accounts which are operated from an internet site. Examples include Gmail, Yahoo Mail, Windows Live Mail, and AOL Mail. Webmail lets in customers to get entry to their emails as long as they’ve got right of entry to an Internet connection and an internet browser. Gmail, via Google, has many advanced capabilities however most webmail carriers have similar capabilities.
With that during thoughts, the subsequent webmail functions are limited to Gmail:
Registration for Gmail is free to anyone who signs and symptoms up at the Google internet site.
Approximately gigabytes of e mail storage is to be had to all users and the amount of storage increases over the years.
Rather than organizing messages simplest through date obtained, Gmail corporations messages via situation name and agencies them as Conversations. Also, you may assign labels to any message, growing move-related agencies of message
Gmail usually uses an HTTPS connection.
The well-known manner to get entry to your Gmail account is along with your internet browser. However, you may view your Gmail messages in your computer’s everyday email application.
Gmail has a completely competitive spam blocking device.
Gmail gives you get right of entry to Google’s chat community which helps you to ship and receive instant messages with buddies and own family.
Is it Safe to Shop Online?
Shopping on the Internet has never been less difficult or safer in case you just follow some simple safety rules. The massive majority of online vendors are reliable and at ease. If you do not sense at ease with a vendor, simply take your commercial enterprise someplace else. Also, you may keep on every occasion you sense like. Can’t sleep? Where else may want to you have a cup of tea and keep for your pajamas?
Here are some hints to assist make your on line shopping experience free of complications:
Do no longer go to shady searching internet websites. You’ll recognize them when you see them. For instance, could you store at “Uncle Bruno’s Fell Off the Truck Discount House of Electronics”?
Shop from authentic corporations most effective.
It’s secure to use your credit score card to pay for purchases online at any save as long as when you take a look at out, you notice a photograph of a lock inside the decrease left or proper nook of your browser. This manner that the transaction is secure. If you don’t see this lock — DO NOT CONTINUE WITH THE PURCHASE! The lock is not just an image. Click on it to look information of the site’s safety. This is essential due to the fact a few fraudulent web sites will imitate the lock icon of your browser.
It’s also an amazing concept to apply the identical credit card for all your online purchasing. If there may be ever a trouble, all you have to do is cancel that one card. It is honestly safer to store on the line with a credit score card than at a real shop. Here’s why: whilst you operate your credit score card at a relaxed site and also you see the little lock within the lower corner, it manner that your credit score card information is scrambled and sent to the shop the usage of certainly powerful encryption.
Encryption is the method of scrambling facts to make it unreadable.
Think about what takes place while you use your credit card at a real shop:
You provide your credit card to a complete stranger.
They scan it or enter the number into a laptop and it could be displayed on a display screen for all to look.
You signal the receipt with your credit card wide variety on it after which there may be a paper replica mendacity round.
Pretty frightening, huh?
Web browsers make assessment purchasing simple. Use a different tab on your browser for every save. Then you may without problems transfer from side to side to examine comparable gadgets.
Be aware of transport fees. They may be unique for each dealer. Very regularly, you may even find unfastened shipping. The search for deals is part of the amusing!
DO NOT GIVE OUT PERSONAL INFORMATION LIKE SOCIAL SECURITY NUMBERS, BANK ACCOUNT NUMBERS OR CREDIT CARD NUMBERS (until you are making a secure buy) ON THE INTERNET!
Always, constantly, constantly use a credit score card to pay on your purchases! Never, never, in no way use a debit card! If there may be a hassle with a debit card buy, you may kiss that money goodbye! It’s a great concept to apply the same credit score card for all online purchases and no longer to apply that particular card for something else. That manner you’ll continually recognize where to appearance if there may be a hassle. Never allow direct transfers of price range out of your checking or savings accounts except an escrow provider is involved.
eBay and Online Auctions
What is eBay? Simply placed, eBay is the biggest of the net auctions. eBay is a safe online market wherein anybody should purchase and promote items and offerings. Sellers pay a small rate plus a percentage to eBay. Buyers use eBay free of fee. There are rules and consequences in a vicinity to defend customers from anyone who abuses the machine.
Some data about eBay:
eBay is worldwide.
The variety and amount of gadgets are staggering. There are greater than 16 million objects on the market.
Items may be sold at auction (consumers bid in opposition to each other), or at a fixed rate. You can purchase an item without bidding if it’s miles marked “Buy It Now”. The dealers decide how they want to sell an item.
eBay runs diverse applications to lessen digital dishonesty.
There is a complete time workforce devoted to promoting fairness and impartiality.
There is a device called “comments” used to defend both consumers and dealers. Usually, the greater reliable buyers and sellers may have greater nice feedback than bad. Also, the greater a hit transactions a vendor has, the more likely that vendor is to be reputable.
eBay offers an expert escrow fee provider known as PayPal in to ensure secure charge between parties. See the section on PayPal for greater information.
A Safety Guide to eBay
Always carefully read the info of the public sale before putting a bid to make certain you realize precisely what you are bidding on.
Guidelines and things to be aware of:
Shipping and handling expenses. Some dealers intentionally list a costly item for a reasonably-priced charge to idiot the brand new client. Overpriced transport and handling costs are where they make up the difference. This trick is inside eBay policy.
When item will be shipped
Other prices or situations
For garb, make certain to be aware the size, shade, material, or harm especially if the object is marked “used” or “vintage”.
If there is some thing you aren’t quite sure of, get more information from the eBay vendor before you bid. You can do that by clicking “Ask vendor a question”.
For a comprehensive listing of what can, or can’t, be listed on eBay visit the “prohibited items” web page. Remember, if the object is confiscated by using customs, you are not entitled to a refund.
Leave effective comments every time you’re happy with the transaction. Always suppose hard earlier than leaving poor remarks. Feedback is for all time!
Don’t have interaction in bidding wars. Bidding wars are most effective suitable for the vendor. New eBay users often get stuck up in bidding wars due to the fact they haven’t begun to analyze whilst to maintain bidding, and whilst to forestall. An experienced person will frequently outbid the beginners via mere pennies seconds earlier than the public sale closes. You need to show restraint and staying power and bid close to the end of the auction. There is a legitimate trick calling “sniping”. Sniping is the practice of bidding in the last few seconds of an auction that allows you to save you other bidders from outbidding you. Many clever bidders clearly bid the maximum amount they’re willing to spend on an object and donÂ´t worry about it. You can snipe manually but skilled bidders use automated sniping software program. One such free application is Prospector Lite.
Don’t bid over your head. Bidding can turn out to be addictive. Be aware of how a lot of cash you can have the funds for to spend.
PayPal is a famous price provider owned with the aid of eBay and is used for on line buying. 95% of eBay purchases are paid via PayPal.
PayPal permits shoppers to ship money to sellers the usage of their e-mail addresses. The events worried within the transaction NEVER see every other’s credit score card or bank statistics. PayPal acts because the middleman to keep the money. There are many safeguards and techniques that permit shoppers and dealers to consider PayPal with their credit score card and bank statistics. PayPal continues that facts mystery.
The most effective requirements for a PayPal account are a legitimate electronic mail cope with and a valid credit score card or bank account. PayPal is loose for buyers. Once a buyer units up to a PayPal account it fees nothing to send money to other PayPal users. The finances can be withdrawn from the person’s credit score card or immediately from a bank account. Pop Quiz: Which technique would you operate? Find the answer underneath.
If you want to store on eBay, it’s miles vital which you have a PayPal account due to the fact most eBay dealers select PayPal as their approach of choice for taking payments. Since eBay owns PayPal, eBay has a stake in preserving PayPal strong and dependable.
A Safety Guide to PayPal
PayPal has designed its device so errors and fraud are saved to a naked minimum.
PayPal ensures one hundred% safety against unauthorized bills out of your account.
Every transaction is confirmed via email.
eBay purchases may be insured as much as $1,000 thru PayPal.
NEVER allow PayPal to switch finances at once from your bank account as a way of payment. Even though the transaction itself is comfortable, if you have a problem with the purchased object it is going to be very hard to get your financial institution to void the transaction.
ALWAYS have PayPal use the credit card you signed up with as the technique of price. It is a lot less difficult to have your credit card company dispute a rate.
Is it Safe to Bank Online?
Online banking is extra popular than ever. It’s to be had from any Internet connection, 24 hours an afternoon, and 7 days per week. You may even pay your payments online which is truly greater secure than paper payments. Paper payments list your account numbers and other financial information that could be used for unlawful activities. With no paper statements to be had, handiest a person with access to your online financial institution account can get right of entry to that personal information.
Most purchasing and banking websites use a transmission method called Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure, or HTTPS. The everyday HTTP method is commonly used for everyday internet browsing. Just like online buying, HTTPS provides records encryption.
You can inform if HTTPS is active in ways:
1. There could be a locked padlock at the lowest of your net browser, normally at the proper aspect.
2. The web deal with of a cozy website will start with “https://” in place of “HTTP://”.
Stealing data this is encrypted at the level currently used by most banks and stores is genuinely impossible. Those geeks you spot in the films hacking into the Pentagon while sipping Red Bull and eating Hot Pockets don’t exist in the real world.
In addition, online banking makes use of passwords and personal identification numbers (PINs) which you create. Your PIN ought to be entered on every occasion you make a transaction, and you could alternate your PIN every time you need. Any transaction which you would adopt in an individual at your bank, you could entire online with at least the identical level of protection, perhaps more. Any transaction besides for the withdrawal of cash. But who knows what is next? Maybe engineers will in the future find a manner to teleport cash for your CD (“Cash Delivery?”) drive.
Can I Share My Photos Online?
You can put up your photographs to several photograph sharing websites without spending a dime. Posting snap shots to the web is a good solution if you have many pictures or need to proportion your photos with many human beings.
Flickr is the most popular photograph sharing sites. Flickr is owned via Yahoo and offers a restricted unfastened account and a Pro account. When you have got a free Flickr account, you can upload videos and 300MB really worth of images each calendar month.
The Pro account charges $24.95 12 months and capabilities:
Unlimited photo uploads (20MB according to photograph)
Unlimited video uploads (500MB according to video)
Archiving of excessive-decision unique images
Photobucket is some other loose provider for picture sharing online. You can save unlimited photos and as much as 500 movies for your account. Share your images and movies by e-mail with the circle of relatives and friends. Follow the albums of the human beings, and get notified on every occasion they add new stuff. Create prints, mugs, and different customizable gifts.
Another alternative for sharing your photos online is constructed into a program known as Picasa which is free from Google and is called a Web Album. Picasa is also a superior program for organizing all of your photographs. Picasa is free to download, and Picasa Web Albums gives one gigabyte of a loose garage which is the equal of four,000 huge pix.
With Picasa, you may easily post your pictures on line. You can create personal online image albums to percentage with pals and family, or public albums for the world to see.
Additional web garage can also be purchased.
So go forth and revel in all of the marvels this is the World Wide Web.
Surf competently! Surf frequently!
Jeff Mayer is a Web Developer with over 28 years of PC revel in. Senior’s Guide to Computers is designed to educate senior citizens, children, dad, and mom all approximate computers.